The Brunswickers caught the imagination of the Victorians, whose own uniforms (notably the frogging, shell jackets and peaked caps) owed much to the style set by the black legion created in memory of the Duke of Brunswick, killed in the Jena campaign of 1806.
With its tail-less shell jacket and frogging, Brunswick dress was in the main a black version of a Rifles uniform.
While not as close as Hanover, Brunswick's relationship with Britain was tighter than any other German state, despite the stormy nature of Caroline of Brunswick's failed marriage to the Prince Regent. The Brunswickers served with distinction in the Peninsula, where the Oels and the AvantGarde were among the best of Wellington's troops.
However, in 1815, the resumption of hostilities meant that the newly liberated Duchy could field a much larger army with Light and Line battalions added to the order of battle. It is commonly assumed that Europe was exhausted of manpower by 1814, but while that may have been true of France, it was not the case elsewhere: Brunswick, Nassau, Hanover and the Netherlands all seem to have had no difficulty raising very large numbers of fresh troops. Brunswick's newly raised and often very young soldiers were, to their Peninsular comrades, much as the Hanoverian landwehr were to the KGL. And yet despite some wobbles, they served with distinction at both Quatre Bras and Waterloo.
The overall impression of this black clad legion was a sombre one. As one account has it, they gave: "A most appalling and funeral-solemnic appearance. Drawn up in battle array they look an immense mourning hearse: the gloomy appearance of this determined band who had devoted themselves with their chief to avenge the wrongs of their prince...".
|The Duke with staff and hussars|
The 'chief' in question was of course the younger Duke of Brunswick, brother of Caroline. Like his father before him, he too would become a casualty, mortally wounded at Quatre Bras. As with Picton's Division, Quatre Bras features almost as much in Brunswick accounts as does Waterloo.
|The Duke is carried from the field.|
|The Duke of Brunswick|
|The Duke's frogged and fur trimmed coat|
After Quatre Bras, Waterloo was itself an extreme test and one in the main that the Brunswickers passed with distinction. The Brunswick contingent was divided into three parts: first, the cavalry; secondly, those committed to the defence of Hougoumont (the Leib-Batallion, the Avantgarde and the 1st Light Battalion). Thirdly, the 2nd and 3rd Light Battalions and the three Line battalions stood with the other squares in the Allied right-centre.
These were initially in reserve until called forward by Wellington to cover the gap left by the Foot Guards moved to Hougoumont. This blog entry is focussed on these Brunswick squares, notably the 2nd Light Battalion.
Despite their relative youth, these Brunswick squares managed to hold through the cavalry charges but were deemed to be unsteady by Captain Mercer who commanded the adjacent RHA battery. Near the climax of the battle, Colonel Detmers of Chasse's Dutch division described the 35th Belgian Jagers battalion, the 2nd Dutch battalion of Line infantry and Van Wetering’s 4th Dutch Militia battalion deploying into line on the left of the combined British 30th and 73rd Regiments, described as still in good order, and in a position in front of retiring Brunswickers, reduced by casualties from a square to a triangle.
|1st Light Battalion - detached to Hougoumont. At Waterloo, its facings were buff but changed to rose red after the battle|
|2nd Light Battalion - the subject of this post.|
So here is the square. The figures are mostly the Esci Russians with the short tails on their jackets trimmed off. I've added yellow over blue pompoms to their shakos. There are also some Art Miniaturen among the figures. There are quite a few ACW conversions, including many in the rear rank which are the new Strelets Picket's Charge set with Russian heads.
|The whole square|
|The Colour party - by the time I realised only the Line battalions carried colours it was too late, the figures were painted and they were on the square. They are ACW in origin.|
|I doubt the Light battalion officers wore frock coats, but most of these officers are ACW conversions who make great Brunswickers.|
|An Esci Zulu War Brit in the corner.|
|The man in the arm-sling is ACW.|
|The nearest mounted officer is the W1815 Duke of Brunswick, but of course by the 18th of June he was dead, so this figure has lost his head and had it replaced.|
|The wounded figure is ACW.|
|A light battalion needs buglers.|
|Another ACW conversion.|
|One of the sides.|
|An Airfix Prussian repainted.|
|The casualty in a Chasseur a Cheval of the Guard|
|The near mounted officer is a Revell Prussian. His right-hand friend was once with British Rail.|
|The two men with telescopes were an Esci RHA officer and an Esci Russian Crimean War Russian gunner officer.|
|Drum Majors are becoming a feature.|